Head and necks surgeons are often called ear, nose and throat doctors or otolaryngologists. Otolaryngology is a surgical specialty. It covers the diagnosis and treatment of many common disorders affecting the head and neck.
Head and neck surgery can treat a variety of problems of the head and neck. Conditions include thyroid problems, sinus disorders and head and neck cancers. Many patients with cancers in the head or neck receive surgery to remove tumors and cancerous tissue. Reconstructive surgery is an important treatment to regain a acceptable appearance and function after some cancer surgeries.
Head and neck surgery may be treatment for different types of head and neck cancers. Head and neck cancers can affect the nasal cavity, sinuses, salivary glands, throat, lips, tonsils and larynx.